The existing mooring systems are compared and analyzed with the consideration of vessel shape, environmental condition and design cases. Average-distributed taut mooring system is finally selected for the octagon floating drilling, production, storage and off loading system (FDPSO) in the South China Sea. According to the requirements of station keeping and line forces, an averaged-distributed taut mooring system is designed based on the environmental condition at the depth of 2 000 m in the South China Sea. Compared with the traditional catenary mooring system designed for the same FDPSO, the averaged-distributed taut mooring system reduces the mooring system self-weight and the mooring radius on seabed. In addition, the offset of FDPSO with one mooring line damaged can be efficiently managed under 100-year environmental condition. The proposed mooring system can meet the requirements of octagon FDPSO. Furthermore, the research results will offer references for the mooring design of similar floating structures.